Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by a moving object. That is energy gained by body due to virtue of its motion. It generally comes into picture when some work is done onto the body to set it in motion. We calculate it as KE = 1/\2 mv2.
Potential energy is the energy stored within a physical system as a result of the position or configuration of the different parts of that system. It has the potential to be converted into other forms of energy such as kinetic energy and to do work in the process. PE = mgh (h is the height of the body from reference point). When no other form of energy is created or lost in motion of a body then from the law of Conservation of energy we can say that Potential energy of body converts to Kinetic Energy.
It is a known fact that various types of energy are available. Some of the conversion of kinetic energy is listed below
- Conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy
- Conversion of kinetic energy to electrical energy
- Conversion of kinetic energy to thermal energy