A simple and a basic definition of electric energy can be defines as “Energy created by the movement of electric charges”

The electric energy can also be defined as follows “Electric energy is defined as the movement or flow of electric charges inside a conductor. Electric energy is considered as a secondary energy since it is produced with help of primary energy sources” Electric energy is commonly known as electricity. Now the big question is, what is electric energy? Where does it come from? How does it work?

We can figure electric energy everywhere in our lives. Electric energy powers our computer, television, cooks up food, lights up homes etc. In each and every part of our life we depend on electric energy.

We can’t able to see electric energy but it is one of the powerful energy. The origin or the detailed definition of electric energy is explained here.

Three types of charges

As it is said before, Electric energy is an energy created by the movement of electric charges. Basically three types of charges are available,

  • Positive electric charges defined as protons.
  • Negative electric charges defined as electrons.
  • Neural charges i.e. neither positive electric charges nor negative electric charges defined as neutrons.  

When two electric charges or two electric charged objects are brought together a force is experienced and the force can be a attractive force or an repulsive force. If like electric charges (either positive electric charge (protons) or both negative electric charge (neutrons) ) are brought together a repulsive force is produced and if  unlike charges (positive electric charge(protons) and negative electric charge(neutrons) ) are brought together an attractive force is produced.

This attractive or repulsive force is called electromagnetic force. This electromagnetic force make the electric charges to flow and cause electric energy.

All matter in universe is made up of atoms. And each atom has a specific number of protons, electrons and neutrons. For example consider carbon, it is an atom. It has 6 protons and 6 neutrons. Carbon is found in abundance in universe, even in a pencil we can see carbon.

In some cases atoms have loosely bound electrons and these electrons can able to move from one atom to another. When that positive electric charge that is electrons travel from one atom to another, electric energy is produced.

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