In recent years, we began to understand the enormous power generated by nuclear energy. In the years just before and during World War II, nuclear research focused mainly on the development of defence weapons. Later, scientists concentrated on peaceful applications of nuclear power.

An important use of nuclear power is the generation of electricity. After years of research, scientists have successfully applied nuclear power to many other scientific, medical, and industrial purposes.

The energy released when two atoms are made to bombarded with each other is generally called as nuclear energy. Nuclear power uses sustained nuclear fission to generate heat and electricity. This power is not only used to generate electricity but also used to create atomic bombs.

Although they are tiny, atoms have a large amount of energy holding their nuclei together. Certain isotopes of some elements can be split and will release part of their energy as heat. This splitting is called fission. The heat released in fission can be used to help generate electric energy in power plants. An important event that is responsible for atomic energy is called Nuclear fission.

How Nuclear Power work

The splitting of one atom into one or two atoms by releasing large amount of energy is called nuclear fission.

  • Uranium-235 (U-235) is one of the isotopes that fissions easily. During fission, U-235 atoms absorb loose neutrons.

  • This causes U-235 to become unstable and split into two light atoms called fission products.

 

 

How Nuclear Power Work

A series of fissions is called a chain reaction. If enough uranium is brought together under the right conditions, a continuous chain reaction occurs. This is called a self-sustaining chain reaction. A self-sustaining chain reaction creates a great deal of heat, which can be used to help generate electricity and to create atomic bombs.


 

Important applications of nuclear power

Nuclear power is used in almost all the fields in this modern world. Some of them are listed below,

  • Nuclear power is used Food and Agriculture industries.

  • Nuclear power is used in major and minor surgies and plays an important role in Human Health

  • Nuclear power is used in Detecting Leaks in Pipelines

  • Nuclear power is used in the Determination of Age

  • Nuclear power is used in Use in Space

  • Nuclear power is used in Generating Electricity

 

 

Steam energy

 

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